Resources and exercises

Adjectives in Spanish

Los adjetivos

Summary of how to use adjectives in Spanish

  • Adjectives describe or modify nouns; for example words like big, blue, late, lazy, etc.
  • In Spanish the adjective typically comes after the noun whereas in English adjectives may occur before or after.
  • Spanish adjectives change their endings to 'agree' in gender and number with the noun or noun phrase that they are modifying.
  • Masculine adjectives end in -o and adjectives that end in -a are generally feminine.
  • Adjectives that end in -e it can be used with feminine and masculine nouns; the article indicates gender.
  • When the adjective modifies a plural noun, add -s to the adjective.
  • If a masculine or feminine adjective ends in a consonant, add -es to make the adjective plural.

Details and examples

Adjectives tell you something about the noun or noun phrase, for example:

  • La alumna colombiana. The Colombian student.
  • El profesor venezolano. The Venezuelan teacher.

Adjectives that end in -o are masculine:

  • Un amigo argentino. An Argentinian friend.
  • El curso divertido. The fun course.
  • El muchacho guapo. The handsome boy.

Masculine plurals end in -os:

  • Los amigos argentinos. The Argentinian friends.
  • Los cursos divertidos. The fun courses.
  • Los muchachos guapos. The handsome boys.

Adjectives that end in -a are usually feminine:

  • La muchacha bonita. The pretty girl.
  • La escuela antigua. The old school.
  • La amiga simpática. The nice friend.

Feminine plurals end in -as:

  • Las muchachas bonitas. The pretty girls. Las escuelas antiguas.
  • The old schools. Las amigas simpáticas. The nice friends.

Some adjectives end in -e and the plural form ends in -es:

  • El curso interesante. The interesting course. Las clases interesantes. The interesting classes.
  • La alumna inteligente. The intelligent student. Los alumnos inteligentes. The intelligent students.

Some adjectives end in a consonant and the plural is formed with -es:
El curso difícil – Los cursos difíciles.

Interactive Grammar Exercise on Spanish Adjectives

Complete these sentences with the correct form of the adjective according to the gender and number of the noun.
Ejercicio. Completa las oraciones con la forma correcta del adjetivo de acuerdo con el género y número del sustantivo.

1. Las muchachas son . quiz answer

2. El curso de historia es . quiz answer

3. Las clases de español son . quiz answer

4. Los alumnos son . quiz answer

5. El profesor de inglés es . quiz answer

6. La alumna es muy . quiz answer

7. ¿Dónde están los chicos ? quiz answer

8. Argentina y Brasil son paises . quiz answer

Covered in this Lesson

Spanish adjectives, rules for adjective formation in Spanish, Spanish nouns and adjectives, maculine and feminine adjectives, gender and number in adjectives, rules for adjectives and nouns in Spanish



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